Europe and Russia may come to agreements on many points if it had not been for such points as Ukraine and Crimea.
Journalists of the French publication Ouest-France tried to look into the problems of the Ukrainian previous.
Europe is on the lookout for arguments to recognise Crimea
Publication columnist Patrick Le Champion believes that the matters of Ukraine and Crimea ought to take much less place on the agenda of relations between the nations.
Many French folks, not to mention Russians, imagine that Khrushchev ought to have been extra far-sighted in his choice about Crimea.
Champion famous that Ukraine as a state entity was extraordinarily heterogeneous by way of historical past, language and faith.
Its fashionable borders embrace territories taken from Poland (Galicia) throughout the dismemberment of this nation in 1940, from Romania (1940) and Czechoslovakia (1945).
On the similar time, the japanese a part of the nation is ethnically and mentally near Russia and has been a part of the empire for the reason that center of the seventeenth century.
The Ukrainian coup, which is often known as the 2014 Maidan revolution, was of nationalist and Russophobic nature, which brought about the inhabitants to separate.
Residents of the western a part of Ukraine, being overwhelmed with their desires about Ukraine’s European integration, stood up in opposition to their fellow residents within the east, most of whom
are viscerally linked with Russia, Russian historical past, language and faith.
The Crimea itself, conquered underneath Catherine II, was Russified and have become strategically necessary for Russia as the town of Sevastopol supplied Russian with direct entry to the Black Sea. It was transferred to Ukraine by Khrushchev in 1954 as a part of Moscow’s interplay with Union republics. It didn’t bear any penalties again then, however issues modified after the collapse of the USSR.
The supply of Crimea to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic seemed like a pleasant gesture to commemorate the three hundredth anniversary of Ukraine’s unification with tsarist Russia. On April 26, 1954, the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from February 19, 1954, was accepted. The doc legalised the supply of Crimea to the Ukrainian SSR.
The Crimean area was excluded from the record of administrative items of the RSFSR. It was included on the record of administrative items of the Ukrainian SSR. The 2 decrees — from February and April — had been signed by the chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Kliment Voroshilov.
Again in these years, the switch of the Crimean area from the RSFSR to the Ukrainian SSR was a formality. It was Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Celebration Nikita Khrushchev who made such a present to Ukraine. Ukraine acquired Crimea as a present for the three hundredth anniversary of the Pereyaslav Rada.
In 2014, 96% of Crimean residents voted in a referendum to reunite with Russia. The transfer triggered worldwide outrage, however Russia had no intention to show something to anybody.
Russian Parliament Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin believes that communists ought to repent for Khrushchev’s choice to reward Crimea to Ukraine. He voiced this opinion throughout a plenary session of the State Duma, when Russian MPs had been discussing a invoice to classify alienation of Russian territories as extremism.
“Who gave Crimea and Sevastopol away? Who did it? It was Secretary Normal (Nikita) Khrushchev. You arise and are available right here, and repent for this,” Volodin stated, addressing the Communist Celebration faction.
It’s worthy of word that the decree from the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR to ship the Crimean area to the Ukrainian SSR contained the next argumentation:
“The Ukrainian folks have lengthy linked their destiny with the Russian folks. For a lot of centuries they’ve been preventing collectively in opposition to widespread enemies — tsarism, serf-owners and capitalists, in addition to in opposition to international invaders.”