On the sidelines of the primary Tashkent Worldwide Funding Discussion board, New Europe sat down with the First Deputy Minister for Power Azim Akhmedkhadjayev to debate the methods and priorities of the Central Asian nation as a part of the five-year “New Uzbekistan” marketing campaign that was launched by its president, Shavkat Mirziyoyev.
New Europe (NE): Deputy Minister, are you able to speak about your future nationwide power technique?
Azim Akhmedkhadjayev (AA): We lately adopted a method to 2030; by that date our objective is to double our capability when it comes to power. These days we’re speaking about 14 GW in the complete nation, whereas our objective is to attain 30 GW. Other than this goal, my ministry plans to develop renewable power by reaching 30%. We’re going to help initiatives on solar, wind and hydrogen as Uzbekistan is pushing to grow to be a really inexperienced nation. Along with different Central Asian neighbors, we’re fairly profitable. Utilizing a metaphor, my nation didn’t invent the bicycle, however simply tried to be taught from one of the best experiences developed right here. For us, it was necessary to arrange a collaboration with corporations like BCG, Mckinsey, and many others. in an effort to construct our methods on oil, gasoline and electrical energy. Now we have a forecast by 2024 that states we are going to attain, in renewable energies, 3.6 GW and could have as much as 4 GW in gasoline generators energy crops. On March twenty fourth we launched with a ceremony an enormous gasoline turbine energy plant within the south of Uzbekistan, within the Surxondar area. Siemens Power and the French firm EDF additionally took half within the groundbreaking ceremony. Our mission is to draw high-quality investments into our sector, bringing in additional European experiences and know-how.
NE: In regards to the renewables, during which path are you going? Are you focusing extra on hydrogen or on wind?
AA: First, we gained some expertise with our companions from the Gulf nations, entities like Masdar from the UAE and AKWA Energy from Saudi Arabia. Bilateral contracts had been signed with them and we launched final 12 months our first 100 MW with Masdar. We are going to implement one other 100 MW venture with the French firm Complete. It will most certainly be launched in April. We did a groundbreaking ceremony in March with AKWA Energy on wind for a 100 MW venture in Nukus (in western Uzbekistan). It’s deeply necessary to develop photo voltaic power, after all, in parallel. It would assist with discovering capacities in wind. The primary contracts signed had been bilateral, however now we’ve switched to bidding. Because of this instrument, it’s attainable to do extra engaging initiatives. We’re noticing good competitors as a result of a variety of corporations are coming right here and are attempting to present the very best costs. Our common value for photo voltaic nowadays is 2.6 cents and wind is somewhat bit lower than that.
With the help of our president, the Nationwide Renewable Power Institute was based and funded beneath the roof of the Ministry of Power. Inside this establishment we would like, along with AKWA Energy and United States Airports, to do R&D on the idea of which we are going to examine hydrogen power in addition to we are going to challenge certification factors for all tools that might be coming into Uzbekistan for the event of renewable power. It is very important certify all the tools that’s coming into Uzbekistan. The certification physique might be shaped along with high consulting corporations from Europe, the US, and many others. We’re fairly bold and we perceive that right now’s agenda is on de-carbonization. In line with a number of estimations, Uzbekistan might, by 2050, attain the zero carbon power system. We are going to attempt to be in keeping with that objective.
We wish to scale back our emissions. In our technique, the objective is to cut back emissions by 10% within the subsequent eight years, however final 12 months throughout the Glasgow Convention (COP 26), we set one other bold objective to achieve 35% in that timeframe. We don’t wish to overcommit, however simply be as pragmatic as attainable as a result of the world is altering. For us, it is very important be in compliance with all these adjustments. Deep analysis has been achieved by witnessing the capacities and experiences in different nations. We all know concerning the US expertise with shale gasoline and we’re serious about that, although there are rumors that shale gasoline has some issues. On the similar time, we should admit that one of the best experiences come from the US. We began our talks with USGS (from the US Division of the Inside) as effectively.
NE: Are you able to discuss now concerning the cooperation with Europe?
AA: We lately launched an important gasoline turbine venture; photo voltaic and hydrogen are additionally attention-grabbing for us. We wish to cooperate with any cutting-edge corporations. German and French corporations are right here; the Italians are additionally approaching us. They (the Italians) are coming round and we talked so much with Ansaldo. Probably the most attention-grabbing factor about Italian corporations is that they’re coming together with financing that’s attention-grabbing for us. Uzbekistan is contemplating a variety of proposals and we’ve got a proverb “we aren’t that wealthy sufficient to purchase low-cost issues“, so it’s key to choose one of the best practices. We are attempting now to do extra PPPs, as a result of we have already got expertise with these Our objective is to rework our power sector.
NE: What’s your analysis of nuclear energy?
AA: Taking into consideration how speedy our trade grows, we do contemplate that. We didn’t exclude this concept and we’re serious about safety points and each tiny variable that deliver damaging outcomes, however we’ve by no means stopped the (nuclear) agenda. On this interval we want one thing that might give us enormous power capability that can be utilized. Nuclear energy is in our growth technique for 2030, so it’s all the time in consideration.
NE: How do you see the power relations with the opposite nations within the area?
AA: Uzbekistan is making an attempt to keep up the very best relations with our neighboring nations, we aren’t taking part in politics, we wish to do pure enterprise. Uzbekistan is probably the most populated nation within the area, subsequently the federal government should consider our individuals. We care about that somewhat than changing into a superpower within the area.